Juniper Sausage (Kiełbasa jałowcowa)
Juniper sausage is a semi-dry sausage with a very characteristic look and flavor. Freshly crushed juniper berries are added to meat and then juniper twigs and branches are added to fire during smoking. This imparts to the sausage a more pronounced juniper flavor and darker color when finished. It is always sold in the shape of a ring. The manufacturing process is the same as for Polish Mysliwska Sausage (Hunter's), but much more juniper is added.
|Lean pork||200 g||7.0 oz|
|Pork with fat (butt)||500 g||1.1 lb|
|Pork with connective tissue||100 g||3.5 oz|
|Beef||100 g||3.5 oz|
|Hard fat||100 g||3.5 oz|
Ingredients per 1000g (1 kg) of meat
|Salt||20 g||3 tsp|
|Cure #1||2.5 g||1/2 tsp|
|Pepper||1.5 g||3/4 tsp|
|Crushed juniper berries||1 g||1/2 tsp|
- Curing. Cut meat into 5-6 cm (2”) pieces, mix with salt and Cure #1. Place in a container, cover with a cloth and leave for 48 hours in a refrigerator.
- Grind lean pork through 20 mm plate, semi-fat pork and fat through 10 mm. Grind pork with connective tissue and beef through 2 mm plate and then emulsify.
- Beef and pork with connective tissue are emulsified in a bowl cutter (or in food processor) adding 20-30% of crushed ice or cold water. Add remaining salt and spices at this stage.
- Mix lean pork with semi-fat pork until sticky, then add ground fat and emulsified mixture of beef, pork with connective tissue, and spices. Mix everything well together.
- Casings: beef rounds 40 mm or more. Stuff casings firmly and form rings. Tie the ends with butcher's twine. Prick any visible air pockets with a needle.
- Condition sausages for 12 hours at 2-6° C (35-43° F) OR at room temperature for 60 minutes.
- Smoke at 60° C (140° F) for 90-100 min, then bake for 45 min at 85° C (185° F). Total time 120-130 min until the internal meat temperature is 68-70° C (154-158° F) and casings are brown. During last stage of smoking “juniper” twigs or berries are added to wood chips for an extra flavor.
- Hold sausages at 18°C (64° F) or lower temperature for 12 hours.*
- Apply cold smoke for about 24 hours or warm smoke (24-32° C, 75-90° F) for 12 hours until dark brown color is obtained.
- Dry sausages for 5-8 days at 12-18° C (53-64° F) and 75-80% humidity until sample sausages achieve 71% yield. If mold develops on casings wipe it off with a cloth. Then place sausages in a warm smokehouse and smoke with warm smoke (24-32° C, 75-90° F) for 2-3 hours. This re-freshens looks of the sausages.
- Lower internal sausage temperature below 18°C (64°F).
* To make a regular hot smoked sausage you may end the process with step # 8 cooling sausages).
Steps # 9, 10 and 11 were needed to make a dry version of the sausage that would last long time at room temperature.Some recipes call for hard fat pieces. Cuts that supply those hard fats are: back fat, butt fat, kidney fat, jowl fat.