Zampone of Modena is made from the front trotter of a pig which is stuffed with a mixture of lean meats, belly, back skin, back fat and boiled before consumption. In 1510 the people of Modena formed an alliance with Venice what deeply offended Pope Giulio II, also known as “the Warrior Pope.” The Pope besieged Modena as he considered province to be in his sphere of influence. With no food supplies people in Modena had to preserve what they had, and someone hit upon the idea of boning pigs’ forelegs and stuffing them with a mixture of pork meat, leftover skin and spices. The Pope won but the new sausage called Zampone surived and is popular as ever.
Zampone Modena carries PGI, 1999 classification.
|Pork shoulder, leg meat||400 g||0.88 lb|
|Pork cheek (jowl)||400 g||0.88 lb|
|Pork skin||200 g||0.44 lb|
Ingredients per 1000g (1 kg) of meat
|Salt||18 g||3 tsp|
|Cure #1||2.5 g||1/2 tsp|
|White pepper||2.0 g||1 tsp|
|Nutmeg||0.5 g||1/4 tsp|
|Cloves, ground||0.3 g||1/8 tsp|
|Cinnamon||0.3 g||1/8 tsp|
|Cumin||0.5 g||1/4 tsp|
|Vanilla extract||1 ml||1/5 tsp|
|Garlic||3.5 g||1 clove|
|Red wine||30 ml||2 Tbsp|
- Trim meats separating fat, connective tissue and skin from lean meat.
- Grind lean pork through 3/8” (10 mm) plate.
- Grind jowls through 1/4” (5 mm) plate.
- Cook skins in water at 95° C (203° F) until soft. Cool.
- Grind skins and connective tissue through 1/8” (3 mm) then:
- grind again through 1/8” (3mm) plate OR
- emulsify in food processor adding 15 ml (1 tablespoon) of cold water.
- Mix lean meat with salt and cure # 1 until sticky. Add spices, ground jowls and emulsified paste and mix all together.
- Stuff into boned out and sewn up at the end pig’s trotter.
- Keep in refrigerator. Cook before serving.
- Cooked Zampone: place stuffed Zampone in hot water and cook at 80° C (176° F) for about 120 minutes or until Zampone reaches 71° C (160° F) internal temperature.
Although cooked Zampone is ready to eat at any time, most people precook a serving portion in a waterproof pouch in hot water for about 20 minutes.
Fresh (raw) Zampone tastes much better when cooked. Usually, Zampone is soaked overnight in cold water to soften the skin. Then it is wrapped in gauze or some netting so it does not touch the bottom of the pot and is simmered for up to 4 hours. Then it is sliced it into half-inch rounds, and served at once with lentils.